History of Ramnagar Fort
Chouragarh and Garha were the capitals of the King Prem Shah/Prem Narayan. It was necessary to learn state-craft skills at Royal court according to Mughal Sultanate. Therefore, the King Premshah took his eldest son Hirdeshah to Royal Mughal court Delhi for his state-craft education. The King Premshah left his son to Royal court and returned. And, the king forgot the invitation of the King Bir Singh Deo of Orchha. This incidence made the king Bir Singh Deo upset and he felt insulted. The king Bir Singh Deo took pledge from his son Jujhar Singh to win the Garha State and avenge his insult.
Jujhar Singh invaded Garha State and seized the Garha Capital. King Premshah put a front at his second capital, Chouragarh and a fierce battle took place. Jujhar Singh camped little far from Chouragarh and sent message to the King Premshah regarding the reconciliation and leaving the Garha state. The King Prem Shah arrived with his Gond sentry in the camp of Jujhar Singh. Jujhar Singh ordered his soldiers to behead the king Prem Shah and they attacked and killed the king. But, this happiness of Jujhar Singh didn’t last too long.
The messengers reached Delhi and informed Hirdeshah about this treachery of Jujhar Singh. Hirdeshah reached Bhopal to his own people and gathered army with their help. Hirdeshah attacked on Jujhar Singh to avenge his father’s death. Jujhar Singh got killed in this battle. Hirdeshah gave Opadgarh district to the ruler of Bhopal in return of the received help in this war. Pahad Singh, brother of late Jujhar Singh was seated at a higher post in Mughal sultanate. He attacked on Garha kingdom for avenging his brother’s death. King Hirdeshah couldn’t defeat Pahad Singh as the Royal Army was with him in this war. Thus, Hirdeshah had to take shelter in Rewa state. This incidence damaged him both economically and emotionally. Pahad Singh returned back but Hirdeshah started a Teerth Yatra from Garha to the hermitage of Sage Jamdagni, due to his emotional trauma. King Hrideshah found a suitable place in the terrifically forest nearby the Narmada river. He started construction work of Motimahal at this place. The king Hrideshah shifted the capitals from Chouragarh and Garha to Ramnagar when the construction work of Motimahal completed.
King Hrideshah was a musician too. During the state-craft education at Royal court, Hirdeshah fall in love with the daughter of the Emperor. The princess had deep knowledge of music too. The King Hirdeshah married the Mughal princess and brought her to capital Ramnagar. The Begum Mahal currently located in Chougan village was built for the Mughal Princess. The architecture of Begum Mahal is similar to the buildings built during the reign of the Mughals.
Motimahal and Vishnum Temple were built in Ramnagar by the King Hrideshah and Dal-badal (the sporting palace) and Begum Mahal are located about 2 Kilometers far at Chougan village. There are so many unknown ruins of buildings built during the Gondwana reign. King Hrideshah is known for his generosity. Ganga Sagar Lake near Garha and so many wells were built by the king. It is said that the king waived tax for 12 years during the drought. The public was happy during the reign of the king Hrideshah. He ruled for 44 years.
How to reach Ramnagar fort
Ramnagar is situated nearby the Narmada River and it is about 18 Kilometers in the East of Mandla District Headquarter. After driving about 14 Kilometers on Mandla-Dindori State-Highway, a road diverts which leads to Ramnagar. Ramnagar is about 4 Kilometers far from this diversion. There are many other routes to reach Ramnagar. Ramnagar is 10 Kilometer from Padmi village located at National-Highway-30 and 19 Kilometers from Anjaniya village located at same National Highway-30.